Pakistan is a developing country and faces many challenges such as historic rivalry with neighboring country, large debt by IMF, World bank, Asian development bank and many others. Not to forget political instability, unemployment, illiteracy, lack of technical training.
According to digital evolution index 2017 Pakistan is a watch out state which means a state who faces severe challenges in digitalization. In 2019 Prime Minister Imran khan developed a framework of digital Pakistan to make this country a Digital State.
The purpose of digitalization is to avoid corruption, to ensure accountability process, to increase sustainability and growth in trade. It also helps in creating an attractive environment for diaspora and international companies. This will enhance sectoral partnerships of government and private sector. However different political parties make policies but after inauguration practical manifestation is not done in a true spirit. Despite all these problems Pakistan try to develop and flourish the Technological sector.
Prime Minister Imran Khan on 5 December Thursday 2019 launched the Digital Pakistan Vision, a comprehensive plan which will not only help the Country in competing in digital market globally but also create jobs and ease for the people of Pakistan. The Digital Pakistan program operates directly under the Prime Minister Office.
The major pillars of Digital Pakistan are:
- Connectivity and availability of internet to the people of Pakistan that is the fundamental right of people.
- Promote the use of technology in education, health, agriculture and other key socio-economic sectors.
- Ensuring women and girls have equal access to ICTs will help reduce inequalities and support gender equality and providing training to all segments of society.
- Make Pakistan an attractive destination for investment as well as creating jobs for the people of Pakistan especially youth.
- E-governance that digitizes intra-government operations and processes towards a paperless environment and developing of a digital infrastructure along with proper usage of digital technology.
The Wind of Change started in Pakistan. Change is the only constant. To overcome barriers, states adopt Digitalization. To pursue their social, economic, strategic, political, foreign objectives. Along with Superpowers the Developing countries are also trying to adopt Digitalization to achieve and strengthen their socio-economic fabric. So, Pakistan is right on track and moving towards digitalization.
Speaking of Punjab, the largest province of Pakistan in terms of population, contributing to national economy more than $173 Billion (GDP,2017). In this regard dynamic steps have been taken under the leadership chief minister Usman Buzdar, for the digitalization of Punjab. Keeping in view the digitalized policy, practical manifestations of it is going on in Punjab.
Punjab Information technology board (PITB) with the assistance of Ministry of information and telecommunication launched different programs. PITB, School Education Dept. & PMIU collaborated a dynamic online education program for school children during lockdown in 2020 known as “Taleem Ghar.” It is providing course lectures of science and mathematics from grade 1-10.
Moreover, e-Transfer app launched for facilitating around 375,000 teachers in 50,000 public schools and transferring of 45,000 teachers across Punjab. Digitization of transfer procedure allows teachers to apply for transfer from one school to another via the mobile and track their application. Fifteen different taxes/levies in 06 departments have been digitized allowing citizens to pay these taxes from their smartphones and Rs. 4.75 Billion in revenue collected. Mobile Video Conferencing Solution for Punjab Govt is launched for business continuity in the wake of Covid-19 outbreak.
A centralized Human Resource Management System (HRMS) launched for all departments in Punjab to maintain accurate, digitized proﬁles, skillset, postings, and performance records of its employees. eFiling & Ofﬁce Automation System (e-FOAS) is established for transparency and paperless environment. CM Punjab launched e-Challan Payment System for online payment of ﬁnes for trafﬁc violations.
Pakistan is second youngest in the South Asian region after Afghanistan and total population 68 percent are below the age of 30, 32 percent are between the ages of 15-29 years. Imran khan government support youth empowerment programs in this regard Usman Dar as Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Youth Affairs create National Youth Development Framework (NYDF). For the empowering of Punjab youth Chief Minister Punjab’s e-Rozgaar Training Program is launched with collaboration of Youth Affairs, Sports, Archaeology and Tourism (YASAT) Department. It aims to train unemployed youth in digital freelancing and soft skills to enable them to earn a sustainable monthly income. Five centers are dedicated for females such as in Lahore College for Women University and overall engagement of women has been increased to 54%. Hotels and saloons who pays their taxes through debit card and credit card will be given tax relief of 11% (5% instead of 16%).
For economic activities and digitalization more than seventy-five new branches of Punjab Banks are functional and generate profit of $14.0 Billion. More than twenty-eight commercial banks have been given access to land records digitally.
The Pakistan Citizen Portal was established on the direction of Prime Minister Imran Khan to create a robust link between the government and the people of Pakistan. The portal had enabled the citizens to highlight their issues and seek intervention at the highest level for their resolution. More than 34584 complains has been registered on the portal for Punjab from which 31231 have been send to the relevant departments of Punjab.
To Deal with health sector during covid-19 situation digitalization process become faster and National Security Council (NSC) established the National Command Authority (NCA). They used Test, Trace and Quarantine (TTQ) strategy to restrain the vicious spread of Covid-19. TTQ is aimed at identifying disease spread, focused clusters/hotspots to enable targeted lockdowns and need-driven resource optimization at all levels. So through TTQ strategy Pakistan successfully traces hotspots and under section 144(6) of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, which grants the provincial government the authority to issue orders in the public interest to impose a ban on certain activities to prevent “danger to human life, health or safety” applied smart lockdown.
So, the federal government strategy is fully implemented by the Punjab government but there is a loophole. Policies, applications, forums were established but lack of IT immaturity still exists in masses. The only thing that is going to fast track our progress towards said goals is providing enough training to the people of Pakistan, without the practical training all these plans will remain the same; just plans.
Since technology is nothing without the knowledge of how to use it so Pakistan is on the right track and what we need is proper implementation as well as constant attention by the Government of Pakistan.
Author is doing BS in International Relations from Lahore College For Women University Lahore.